Variables and Types

C# is a statically-typed language. Therefore, we must define the types of variables before using them.

To define a variable in C#, we use the following syntax, which is similar to C / Java:

int myInt = 1;
float myFloat = 1f;
bool myBoolean = true;
string myName = "John";
char myChar = 'a';
double myDouble = 1.75;

Notice that defining a floating point number requires an explicit f letter after the number.

C# supports type inference - which means that you don't always have to explicitly specify a type - you can let the compiler try and understand the type of variable automatically. However, once the type of variable has been determined, it cannot be assigned a different type.

var x = 1;
var y = 2;
var sum = x + y;    // sum will also be defined as an integer


Enums are integers that should be used when an integer is used to specify an option from a fixed amount of options.

public enum CarType
    Toyota = 1,
    Honda = 2,
    Ford = 3,

public class Tutorial
    public static void Main()
        CarType myCarType = CarType.Toyota;


Define three variables:

  • A string named productName equal to TV.
  • An integer named productYear equal to 2012.
  • A float named productPrice equal to 279.99f.

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